Tense and aspect

Tight and element would be the most significant grammatical classes for indicating temporary and period relationships in Language. For me personally, my encounter will be shared by me Today I'm an English instructor at Udonthani Vocational School. I train several English programs for example Language English Discussion, for conversation 2, Enterprise Language.In each program I've trained 4 vocabulary abilities for example reading skill, composing skill, talking skill and hearing skill. Since Language is essential individuals should discover every vocabulary abilities. You have to exercise 4 vocabulary abilities if you like to speak Language perfectly. Based on the subject "28 Tense and element" They're in teaching grammar really required. Individuals should learn to utilize element and tight. I actually donot train all of them in the same period although I'll train every British program. The purpose of element and training tight would be to examine numerous linguistic methods to the explanation of element and tight in Language Furthermore the program outline would be the emphasis of indicating existing, previous, potential period of the ways. Today you will be explained by me some Language program that I teach-in this term. In the Professional Education Commission program I'll examine the program discription before start training. Next the program will be construced by me training follow the program. I actually do the program format on my own. Then I supply the training which related the program outline from several books and will examine this content. I mix to 1 book and select some information. For instance I teach Language for Discussion 2 (2000-1202) for that first-year pupil in sales area. I train 18 Months in each term. I should prepare my training 9 models (1 device per 2-week) I'll select some tight and element to show in each device. About household I taught in device one. I'll select Present Tense of verb verb to complete and to become. Individuals got to know Tense's framework. How or when to make use of it? Steps to make Wh-issue. About maintaining a journal in device 2 I trained. Individuals comprehend and got to know Previous Simple Tense. They are able to inform the tale previously. The factor before to show instructor should make training plan and their training. Instructor should enhance training technique and methods The academics got to know this is of tight and element as well as had comprehension.I will highlight this content as follow:

What's Tight?

The Meaning of Tight (noun): a kind of a verb used-to show the full time. Tight is just a technique that people use within Language to make reference to time. You will find three primary theory of tenses. They're past future tense and tense tense. I'll clarify every Tense's meaning. First, Present-Tense verb display anything is occurring at or right-now the present moment. Second tense verbs which inform about steps which occurred sometime previously are tense verbs. Third mean verbs which inform about steps that are likely to occur are tense verbs that are future. Several languages use tenses to speak about time. Additional terminology don't have any tenses, but about period they are able to still talk obviously, using various techniques. Tense and I'll discuss period in Language. For instance:

- temple is gone to by Jirapon. (Present Tense)

- Udom visited college recently (Pasttense)

- Suki may visit college tomorrow (Future Tense)

What's element?

Element conveys a function of the motion associated with period for example conclusion pole length. Existing tenses that are easy and previous basic don't have any element. Element usually contain Perfect Tenses and Modern or constant Tight.For instance:

Perfective aspect ( be+ ing)

  • Our parents have existed in Udon Thani since last March.
  • I've learned Language since this past year.

Modern element (have+ past participle)

  • They're studying paper within the space.
  • Donald is currently cleaning his vehicle in the home.

There are lots of phrases which are period hints; some may be used to point numerous tenses, for example that it'll occur later on or that anything occurred previously. You'll locate them very useful should you learn how to identify these period hints. Observe that sometime hints may be used with increased than one verb tense as well as this desk isn't an entire report on constantly hints that may be combined with all the tenses

Lesson Plan

Topic: English For Conversation 2 Degree: Certification 1 Teacher: Mrs. Sutida Intawai

Goals: Students will have the ability to:

1.to inductively evaluate both struture and titles of fundamental tenses


Language: Food, countries, times and period, restaurants


  1. Existing basic tense
  2. Existing continuous tense
  3. Current perfect tense
  4. Current perfect continuous tense
  5. Previous basic tense
  6. Previous continuous tense
  7. Previous perfect tense
  8. Previous ideal continuous tense
  9. Potential easy tense
  10. Potential continuous tense
  11. Potential perfect tense
  12. Potential perfect continuous tense

Features: 1. Referring to Tight and element

Training methods /Actions:

Warmup / Lead-In:

1. The instructor let them know that they're likely to find out about format objectives for present day course and meets individuals.


1.Teacher provides the graphs of framework of tight and aspect.Let them speculate the type of tight and element.


  1. Instructor partition pupils into categories of 2 to 4
  2. Have students consider private information test in-groups
  3. Examine solutions like a course, request pupils to rapidly talk about the things they have discovered about their other pupils


  1. Have teams determine tight titles utilized in issue
  2. Provide additional verb workout to pupils to be achieved independently
  3. Proper additional workout in course


  1. Pupils and instructor examine and review about that device together.
  2. By trying to find extra information from additional assets for instance, web, collection, paper and Home Accessibility Learning Centre within the university instructor indicates pupils for further research.

Training aids/supplies:

  1. Data
  2. Genuine substance; paper, food selection
  3. Book

Analysis and dimension:

  1. Watching the involvement in course
  2. Fixing the workouts

Individual note:

Vocabulary Points:

Positive Phrase:

Current Easy (I actually do, function, like etc.)

She operates at work. They discuss their task.


I / We / You /They function chat use play view do

He Or She / It operates discussions uses performs watches does

Case: my cousin lives in Prachinburi although I-live in Nakonnayok.

(We make use of the existing easy for items that are accurate generally, or for items that occur occasionally or all of the occasions)

- I go to school. - The public available at 09.00 a.m. and shuts at 05.30 p.m.

- Suda would go to work-in the day.

- He does exactly what she demands.

(We make use of the existing easy with usually/ never/ frequently / often / occasionally)

- We often travel by train. - I usually attempt to repair my pc.

- every weekend is washed his vehicle by him.

- She often bears her notebook pc to function.

Negative Phrases: Sample: I actually donot + verb (existing basic negative)

Example: Santa does not come. The vehicle does not slow.

Topic Additional Verb + not Verb

I / You / We / They don' t work

He Or She / it generally does not function

- I actually donot drink tea although I drink caffeine.

- the kids do not perform within the playground.

- Jane does not visit the collection.

- she does not drink caffeine although She drinks tea.

Issue Phrase: Sample: would you.... (Existing basic issue)...?

Case: Do they function? Does she function?

Additional Verb Subject Verb +?

Do I /we / you / they function?

Does he or she/ it work?

- would you smoke? No, I really donot.

- Is English spoken by them? Yes, they are doing.

- Does she not work soft? Yes, she does

- Does your buddy reside in Bangkok? No, he does.

Worksheet 1

Private Information Test

1. When was a movie last seen by you?

2. Just how many occasions are you currently overseas?

3. Which kind of publications would you like reading?

4. When were you created?

5. Just how long are you currently studying Language?

6. What'll the current weather end up like tomorrow?

7. What you do at 7 yesterday night?

8. What're your parents currently doing?

9. Where are your courses taught?

10. What're following this program completes you likely to do?

What're the tenses' titles utilized in the issue?

1. Existing basic tense

2. Existing continuous tense

3. Current perfect tense

4. Current perfect continuous tense

5. Previous basic tense

6. Previous continuous tense

7. Previous perfect tense

8 Past perfect continuous tense

9. Potential easy tense

10. Potential continuous tense

11. Potential perfect tense

12. Potential perfect continuous tense

From http://esl.about.com

Worksheet 2

Finish the desk using illustrations in the wording in-activity B1

Worksheet 3

Complement the verb types (1-6) using their primary ideas (AF)

Worksheet 4

Publishing: Basic Present-Tense

To conclude, element and Tight continue to be issue for Japanese students. There are lots of mistake when do they confuse and talk simply because they talk English comparable Indian speaking. They utilize tight error and have several issues for example term order. For instance:

- I'm not love this particular movie. Let us leave.

- What would you consuming today?


Therefore the instructor of Language must create their training and attempt to train pupils by performing understanding. Pupils may acquire element from instructor and English vocabulary ability particularly Tight aswell.


Heather Jones & Ken Technique fast-track 1 A conversation Program in Daily Language (20001201) Informed Co.,Ltd. 2003

Tawee Omak.English for conversation 2 (2000-1202) Aimphan Media Co.. 2009

Tricia Hedge Training and Understanding within the Language Class. Oxford University press.2008